Extreme value theory models on the conflict-crash relationships are comprehensively reviewed.
A conceptual framework classifies existing extreme value theory models into different categories.
Critical research needs for crash risk estimations using extreme value theory models are discussed.
Efficient techniques for sampling extremes need to be developed.
Rigorous efforts for data collection and real-time models are required.
Ali, Y., Haque, M., Mannering, F., 2023. Assessing traffic conflict/crash relationships with extreme value theory: Recent developments and future directions for connected and autonomous vehicle and highway safety research. Analytic Methods in Accident Research 39, 100276.